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26 Korean words added to the Oxford English Dictionary: how many do you know?

You know what “K-drama” means, but how about “daebak”? Or “aegyo”?

In recent times, it wouldn’t be wrong to say that we have taken more than just a liking to everything South Korean — whether it is the Oscar-winning film Parasite (2019), Netflix’s “biggest show ever” Squid Game (2021), or K-pop bands like BTS or BLACKPINK or beauty products for to get glass skin.

From wowing the world with their trendsetting fashion to BTS addressing the United Nations General Assembly on a sustainable future, the Korean wave continues to sweep us off our feet.

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Image: Courtesy of American Broadcasting Companies, Inc./ABC/AFP

In such momentous times, the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) gets a “K-update” with the addition of 26 words this September. Although, the OED says that “the oldest of these words are attested in English as early as the 17th century, most of the words of Korean origin in the dictionary entered the language relatively recently, in the latter half of the 20th century and early part of the 21st century.”

However, it has attributed the “current influx” of words with Korean origin into English primarily because of the phenomenon known as the Korean wave, or hallyu, which is one of the 26 words added in the OED this year.

Recognising the shift in English language, the OED, as per a BBC report, says: “They show how Asians in different parts of the continent invent and exchange words within their own local contexts, then introduce these words to the rest of the English-speaking world, thus allowing the Korean wave to continue to ripple on the sea of English words.”

While one of the oldest K-words in the dictionary — Korean — dates back to 1933, it was shortened to K- to combine with words like pop and drama in the late 1990s. However, K-pop and K-drama were added to the OED in 2016 and 2021, respectively.

Words from the delectable world of Korean cuisine have also been added to the dictionary. While chimaek is a Korean-style fried chicken served with beer, bulgogi is thin slices of beef or pork which are marinated then grilled or stir-fried. Chimaek was popularised outside the country by Korean television drama My Love from the Star (2013–2014).

 

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Some of the other words that have made it to the September list are:

Aegyo, n. and adj.: Cuteness or charm, esp. of a sort considered characteristic of Korean popular culture.

Manhwa, n.: a Korean genre of cartoons and comic books

Mukbang, n.: a video featuring a person eating a large quantity of food and talking to the audience

Daebak, n., int., adj.: an interjection expressing enthusiastic approval used in a similar way to ‘fantastic!’ and ‘amazing!’

Noona, n.: a boy’s or man’s elder sister. Also, as a respectful form of address or term of endearment, and in extended use with reference to an older female friend.

Oppa, n.: a girl’s or woman’s elder brother. Also, as a respectful form of address or term of endearment, and in extended use with reference to an older male friend or boyfriend.

Unni, n.: a girl’s or woman’s elder sister. Also, as a respectful form of address or term of endearment, and in extended use with reference to an older female friend or an admired actress or singer.

Skinship, n.: touching or close physical contact between parent and child or (esp. in later use) between lovers or friends, used to express affection or strengthen an emotional bond.

Check out the entire list here.

This article first appeared on Lifestyle Asia India.

Anurupa Sen
Having worked with some of India's top media houses and publishers, Anurupa found her passion in food, music and storytelling. Although she loves to explore all sorts of foods, the ambivert's fluffy pancakes, minced meat alfredo pasta and kosha mangsho are a hit among a close-knit group of friends. At other times, she is usually found perched on the sofa, kicking back with a cup of coffee and binge-watching light comedy.