Agave spirits are all the rage nowadays, with a shifting focus to small-batch distilleries and a surge in artisanal mezcal and tequila producers. While today’s drinkers are more sophisticated than doing shots of tequila as their primary means of consuming agave, fewer know the intricacies in the wider world of agave beyond a vague familiarity with mezcal. As the world continues to turn a lens on Mexico’s alcoholic wealth, it’s worth noting that the country’s native spirits are more refined and more variegated than you’d assume.

To best serve you on your next holiday to Mexico or for informed ordering the next tie you visit your neighbourhood south-of-the-border bar, we’ve penned down a quick primer to the world of agave spirits. Get to know them below.

types of agave spirits
Tequila has become a favourite for bartenders when crafting cocktails. (Image credit: Ivan Cortez/Unsplash)

Like Scotch is to Scotland and champagne is to Champagne — so is tequila to Mexico. The term “tequila” is only tagged to agave spirits made from the blue weber agave plants, and is primarily made in Jalisco. Though it is the most renowned agave spirit, the varieties one typically comes into contact with are the unaged blanco expressions, though there are aged tequilas that offer deeper, smokier flavours. These cask-aged tequilas are tagged according to the time they spend in a barrel (usually French or white oak) — reposado tequilas are aged for at least two months, añejo tequilas are matured for a year, and extra añejo tequilas, the finest of the lot, are aged for at least three years.



Mezcal is an umbrella term for agave spirits, but it has fewer restrictions on its definition than tequila. A wide variety of agave plants constitute the spirit, with the core of these plants being roasted and fermented before distillation. Smokier than most due to this process, mezcal is often the punchier cousin to tequila. Mezcal does have appellations, so only agave spirits from Oaxaca, Guerrero, Durango, Luis Potosí and Zacatecas can be called mezcal.

types of agave spirits
Roasting agaves. (Image credit: Analuisa Gamboa)

Hailing from the dessert in Chihuahua (yes, like the dog), sotol is a spirit crafted from its namesake plant, a relative to the agave. Every sotol plant takes 15 years to mature, producing one bottle of sotol from its treasured core. It is made in a manner similar to tequila, albeit double distilled before bottling. Its flavours lean herbal and earthy, though aged varieties can imbue sotol with sweetness. Apart from Mexico, sotol has migrated to Texas and New Mexico, given that the Chihuahuan dessert also borders these American states, so you can expect to find the spirit there as well.



Raicilla is Mexico’s version of moonshine, typically sold in small batches by local producers. Made with a variety of agave plants and distilled once in crude copper stills, this spirit is a seriously funky adventure for the palate. It bursts with notes that range from the vegetal and earthy to the smoky and cheesy. Raicilla may not be for the novice, but it’ll definitely broaden your purview of agave spirits and Mexican flavours as a whole.

types of agave spirits
Mezcal bars are on the rise. (Image credit: Spencer Pugh/Unsplash)

With a history that spans more than three centuries, bacanora has had its ups and downs. Only allowed to be distilled legally in 1992, this agave spirit is now steadily gaining traction for its smooth, roasted character. Bacanora must only be made from wild agave Pacifica plants aged seven to ten years old, and distilled in the Sonora region of Mexico. Its unique agave base is key to bacanora’s intensity, setting it apart from its other mezcal cousins.


This article was originally published on Lifestyle Asia Singapore.

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