Gut health is something you should probably look into for a longer, healthier life. 

More and more individuals are looking into optimising their gut health — here’s why and how. We’re all looking for ways to live longer, happier, and healthier lives. However, many of us are looking for answers to improve their overall health in the wrong places. We might turn to cosmetics, weight loss supplements, and medications to bury our discomforts. Instead, we should focus on the root cause of our compromised immune system, poor digestive tract, and mental health issues. All disease begins within the gut. Therefore, the key to improving your general health is by improving your gut health.

What are the benefits of a healthy gut?

Believe it or not, your gut plays a major role in every physiological function of your body. Think about it. Almost everything we do relies on eating and the energy we get from our foods. You eat food, organs in your digestive tract break it down, you absorb the nutrients, and the waste goes out the back end. That’s a lot of work getting done inside of the gut!

However, the gut is far more intricate (and beneficial) than that. There’s more in our gut than just organs crushing solid food into particles. There are also trillions of living organisms, known as microbes, that reside inside of your body. In fact, the cosy spaces they take up and the microbial ecosystem as a whole is known as your gut microbiome.

There are many types of microbes, including fungi, viruses, and yeast. However, the most researched and prevalent are gut bacteria. Scientists have named thousands of bacterial species present in a healthy body. Healthy bacteria do their part to keep the whole body running smoothly. They help keep pathogens from attacking healthy cells, break down food particles, and fight inflammation.

Health benefits of beneficial bacteria include:

  • – Immune system support
  • – Healthier skin
  • – Insulin resistance management
  • – Relief from stomach aches
  • – Decreased production of stress hormone
  • – Prevention of intestinal permeability
  • – Healthy body weight maintenance
  • – Mental health regulation
  • – Sleep hormone production
  • – …and much more.

Different strains of bacteria play different roles that help benefit the whole in their own unique way. Even bacteria we deem unhealthy bacteria, such as Escherichia coli (E.coli), has its benefits in the human gut. You just need to have an adequate amount of healthy gut bacteria to keep the opportunistic kind of bacteria in check. So, to actively try to improve your gut health, you’ll want to keep the right balance of microorganisms. Here are five tips to help make that happen:

Five good gut health practices to improve the balance of bacteria

When it comes to the vital aspects of health, all roads seem to point to bacterial cells holding all the clout. We just need to make sure that we’re setting our microbiome up for better gut health by promoting the growth of healthy gut flora. With these following tips, you’ll be on the right track to a diverse microbiome.

1. Improve your mental well-being

(Image credit: Nick Shuliahin/Unsplash)

There’s a well-known adage that the gut is our second brain. In fact, these two entities are in constant communication with one another. This never-ending Zoom session is known as the gut-brain-axis.

The gut-brain connection is regulated by a series of nerves known as the singular entity, the vagus nerve. Our vagus nerve hangs from our brainstem, testing the waters that are our gut microbiome. It repeats back the central nervous system what the current state of our microbiome is through impulses. When we experience poor gut health, it manifests in bouts of depression, mood swings, and food dependency. Many studies show a prevalent connection between a lack of bacteria diversity and mental health issues.

Just as our gut health impacts our mental health, it works both ways. Have you ever had a bad feeling in your gut when you knew something wasn’t right? That’s your gut and brain connecting again!

2. Cut down on potential allergens

(Image credit: Mae Mu/Unsplash)

There’s no denying that diet plays a vital role in the development of unhealthy gut microbes. When you follow a poor diet, you are more susceptible to illnesses. That’s because all disease begins in the gut. So, the most significant item you can implement to improve your gut health is to be proactive with dietary lifestyle changes.

First things first, cut down on the potential allergens. So many foods that are highlighted in the western diet are laden with fillers (like gluten), artificial ingredients (like food colouring), and unhealthy or artificial sweeteners (like processed sugar). All of these options may taste good, but they don’t feel good for our gut lining.

The innate immune function of our immune system cells is to create inflammation. Our body uses inflammation to rid the system of potential viral, fungal, or bacterial infections. Once the potential threat is out of the GI tract, everything goes back to normal. Inflammation stops.

Unfortunately, we eat three square meals a day and a litany of snacks that are chock-full of ingredients that cause inflammatory responses. So, our body never gets a break from the inflammation. Chronic inflammation can destroy your gut lining, suppress the growth of good bacteria, and inhibit immune system cells.
Left unresolved, you can develop long-term digestive health issues, such as Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO), Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), or Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD). Depending on the damage caused by the inflammation, these issues may spiral into several autoimmune diseases.

Try making small lifestyle changes that can improve the health of your gut, such as:

  • – Lettuce wraps instead of bread
  • – ‘Zoodles’ or zucchini noodles instead of pasta
  • – Gluten-free grains such as quinoa or wild rice instead of barley or rye
  • – Oats instead of shredded whole wheat
  • Cashew milk instead of dairy
  • – Honey instead of refined sugar
  • – Cook whole foods instead of eating fast food!

Start with the largest potential allergens, such as sugary foods, gluten, soy, and dairy products. If you’re still experiencing digestive issues, then you might have a problem with anti-nutrients — which cause a detrimental effect to your digestion. That’s when healthy dietary options, such as legumes or nightshades (which contain lectins), cause a nutrient deficiency that leads to digestive problems. If you cut out the common inflammatory foods and still experience discomfort, this might be the issue.

3. Eat more dietary fibre

(Image credit: Joanna Kosinska/Unsplash)

Unfortunately, carbs get a bad rap, especially with low carb diets being all the rage. Sure, the Ketogenic Diet can improve your overall health. However, carbohydrates get vilified wrongfully.

Our good gut bacteria rely on carbohydrates found in plant foods for energy. Many dietary fibres found in fruits and vegetables are too hard for our bodies to break down. To help your gut digest better, live bacteria consume these food sources. These are known as prebiotics.

Good sources of prebiotics include:

  • – Jerusalem artichokes
  • – Onions
  • – Garlic
  • – Raw dandelion greens/chicory root (Inulin)
  • – Dark greens
  • – Sweet potatoes

With that said, don’t go overboard on all carbs. You want to eat as many complex carbohydrates as possible. Consuming different foods rich in complex carbs will provide your body with additional nutrients. Plus, these calories are less likely to promote additional weight gain.

Probiotic bacteria (more about this below) enjoy prebiotic fibre so much that they reward us with short-chain fatty acids. Short-chain fatty acids are essential nutrients for our gut cells. It helps them grow stronger so they can stop unhealthy bacteria from leaving the small intestine and causing health problems.

4. Consume probiotic-rich foods and drinks

(Image credit: Portuguese Gravity/Unsplash)

Sometimes you just need to import the probiotics into your body yourself. Eating a diet rich in fermented foods and probiotics can help foster a healthy microbiome.

When active cultures get preserved with whole foods, the bacteria will feast on sugars from the dietary fiber. In turn, the brine that’s preserving the food gets enriched with metabolites, such as short-chain fatty acids, essential vitamins, and digestive enzymes.
Some of the best probiotic-rich foods and beverages include:

  • – Kombucha
  • – Apple cider vinegar tonics
  • – Kefir
  • – Tempeh
  • – Pickles
  • – Yoghurt
  • – Kimchi
  • – Kraut

Consuming probiotic foods can help you reinoculate your body with healthy gut bacteria. These probiotics will help shift the balance of stomach acid, having a huge impact on digestive system functions and physical health.

5. Microbiome testing

Thryve is a microbiome testing company based in San Francisco that ships globally. (Image credit: Thryve)

Many people are turning to probiotic supplements to help improve their gut health. Unfortunately, there is no one-size-fits-all approach to improve gut microbiota. That’s because we all have our own dietary preferences. What we eat determines which microbes survive our microbiome. Consequently, this food also determines which bad bacteria are causing issues in our gastrointestinal tract.

The average person doesn’t have the human health technology necessary to procure these sorts of insights. However, they can get their gut tested in their very own home with the growing field of microbiome testing companies. Microbiome testing companies send you everything you need to secure a stool sample from your toilet paper safely. Use one of the sterile swabs provided in a gut test kit and place the swab into the provided vial with preservative liquid.

Once the sample is collected, you just mail the vial in the provided envelope. In a few weeks, you will get in-depth insights into the gut bacteria ratios in your body. This type of information is extremely helpful for improving your gut health.

Once you know which bad bacteria you’re contending with, then you know which probiotic bacteria your gut needs. Depending on the microbiome testing company, you might be eligible for custom probiotic recommendations tailored to your gut microbiota.
Some gut health programmes will also give you a list of inflammatory foods that are causing food intolerances and other negative outcomes in your overall wellness. Furthermore, some programmes can provide you with food recommendations so that you can follow a balanced diet for a balance of microorganisms.

In a nutshell…

There are a number of ways to improve your friendly gut bugs, which will result in you living a happier and healthier life. Most of them start with dietary choices. Make sure that you follow a diet of whole foods, rich with lean protein. Cut down your dependency on trigger foods. Make cleaning eating swaps that help dieters transition into a healthy, sustainable lifestyle.

Also, add more probiotics to your diet. Feed those probiotics with prebiotic-rich foods. Get your gut tested with a microbiome testing company to get a bigger picture of your unique gut microbial ecosystem. From there, you might be able to help with symptoms of depression, chronic stress, and abdominal pain. Remember, if your gut is saying something is wrong, it is! Be proactive with your health.

(Header image credit: Ella Olsson/Unsplash)

This article first appeared on Lifestyle Asia Hong Kong

Richard Lin

Richard Lin dedicated his life to spreading the message about the importance of gut health when a round of antibiotics wiped out all the bacteria in his gut, leaving him hospitalised. Doctors couldn’t figure out what was wrong with Richard, so he did the research himself and discovered the microbiome. Richard reclaimed his health with probiotic bacteria. Now, he’s partnered with scientists and doctors from MIT, Harvard, and Stanford to bring gut testing to homes across the globe. Richard is the CEO of Thryve DNA Testing, which offers tests that give in-depth insights on the bacteria in your gut, a personalised probiotic recommendation, and a tailored diet plan. Nobody should wonder about their health as Richard did.